Tuesday, September 24, 2013
By Rhonda Simmons email@example.com (540) 825-0771 ext. 125
After three years of negotiations, the University of Mary Washington Board of Visitors recently voted to transfer ownership of the Fort Germanna/Enchanted Castle site located along the Route 3 corridor in Orange County to the Germanna Foundation, according to foundation president Marc Wheat. UMW has held ownership of the prime property since 1990.
“This is an important American archaeological site and we are very pleased and excited about this and look forward to moving forward,” added Wheat. “This is a pretty exciting time. We are so grateful for the opportunity to learn and refine our plans and organization from the many people involved in the negotiations over the last three years.”
Wheat said the Germanna Foundation’s predecessor organization tried unsuccessfully to acquire this same property in 1955.
The Germanna Foundation will celebrate its 300th Jubilee of Germanna next year, marking the 1714 Germanna settlement.
“It is a moving experience in an American’s life to travel to a special place and say with pride and gratitude, ‘this is where our family became American,'” Wheat continued. “On behalf of the Board of Trustees of The Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies, Inc., chartered on March 14, 1956 in the Commonwealth of Virginia, it is my great honor to announce to you that the great object itself, Germanna, is coming home.”
More than 30 years ago, world-renowned chief Jamestown archaeologist William Kelso conducted a survey at Germanna and found an intact ruin of probably one of the most elaborate mansions ever built in colonial Virginia, the “palatial” Enchanted Castle.
The 62-acre tract of Fort Germanna – created by British-appointed Gov. Alexander Spotswood in 1714 – included an “Enchanted Castle,” a town, ancient Native American sites, two prominent buildings thought to be a church and possibly a courthouse or jail, according to researchers.
In December 2007, Kelso was back in the area and spoke to a crowd at Germanna Community College’s Daniel Technology Center, urging another dig at Germanna.
“I have always thought the Fort Germanna/Enchanted Castle site ranks among the most significant historical archaeological sites certainly in Virginia and arguably in the nation,” Kelso wrote via e-mail to former Germanna Community College English instructor Rob Sherwood in 2007. “The establishment of both Jamestown and Germanna forts were historically pivotal.”
Excavations in the 1980s and 90s involved UMW professors Douglas Sanford and Carter Hudgins. They uncovered additional remains of Fort Germanna. But by 1995, the research ended due to lack of funding.
“There will be great challenges ahead as we raise the necessary funds to hire the right Chief Operating Officer and conduct sensitive archaeological work on a complex site. But these struggles are nothing compared to the struggles of the first colonists at Germanna,” Wheat said. If funded, Wheat said the next archaeological dig would be “very careful, low impact and minimally invasive work.”